At first, he ruled in a democratic and constitutional manner, but inhe turned Italy into a one-party, totalitarian state, with himself as sole leader.
Benito Mussolinilongest-serving Prime Minister of Italy and Duce of fascism The Italian Prime Minister presided over a very unstable political system as in its first sixty years of existence — Italy changed its head of the government 37 times.
Regarding this situation, the first goal of Benito Mussoliniappointed inwas to abolish the Parliament's ability to put him to a vote of no confidencebasing his power on the will of the King and the National Fascist Party alone. After destroying all political opposition through his secret police and outlawing labor strikes,  Mussolini and his Fascist followers consolidated their power through a series of laws that transformed the nation into a one-party dictatorship.
Within five years, he had established dictatorial authority by both legal and extraordinary means, aspiring to create a totalitarian state. A few months later, he became the leader of the Italian Social Republica German puppet regime controlling just northern Italy.
Mussolini held this post until his death in First years Italian prime minister benito mussolini the Italian Republic[ edit ] Further information: History of the Italian Republic With the proclamation of the Italian Republic inthe office received constitutional recognition.
De Gasperi is also considered a founding father of the European Union. After the death of the De Gasperi, Italy returned in a period of political instability and lot of cabinets were formed in few decades. From the late s until the early s, the country experienced the Years of Leada period characterised by economic crisis especially after the oil crisiswidespread social conflicts and terrorist massacres carried out by opposing extremist groups, with the alleged involvement of United States and Soviet intelligence.
In the s, for the first time since two governments were led by non-Christian Democrat Prime Ministers: However, the Christian Democrats remained the main government party.
In the early s, Italy faced significant challenges as voters—disenchanted with political paralysis, massive public debt and the extensive corruption system known as Tangentopoli uncovered by the " Clean Hands " mani pulite investigation—demanded radical reforms.
The scandals involved all major parties, but especially those in the government coalition: Moreover, the Communist Party was reorganised as a social democratic force, the Democratic Party of the Left. The years of the Second Republic[ edit ] Silvio Berlusconilongest-serving post-war Prime Minister In the midst of the mani pulite operation which shook political parties inmedia magnate Silvio Berlusconiowner of three private TV channels, founded Forza Italia Forward Italy party and won the elections, becoming one of Italy's most important political and economic figures for the next decade.
Berlusconi is also the longest serving Prime Minister in the history of the Italian Republic and third-longest serving in the whole history after Mussolini and Giolitti.
Ousted after a few months of government, Berlusconi returned to power inlost the general election five years later to Romano Prodi and his Union coalition, but he won the general election and was elected Prime Minister again for the third time in May In NovemberBerlusconi lost his majority in the Chamber of Deputies and resigned.
His successor Mario Monti formed a new government, composed by "technicians" and supported by both the center-left and the center-right. Only 39 years old upon taking office, he became the youngest Prime Minister in Italian history. Renzi proposed several reforms, including a radical overhaul of the Senatea new electoral law and the reduction of the costs of politics.
A lot of analysts, journalists and politicians thought that these steps meant the end of the Second Republic and the beginning of the Third.Watch video · Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, to April 28, ), who went by the nickname “Il Duce” (“the Leader”), was an Italian dictator who created the Fascist Party in and.
The next day, Mussolini and Petacci were both summarily shot, along with most of the members of their man train, primarily ministers and officials of the Italian Social Republic. Italy’s former prime minister, Silvio Berlusconi, used the occasion of Holocaust Remembrance Day, January 27, to praise the fascist “Duce” Benito Mussolini.
Mussolini had “done a great. Mussolini, Doctrine of Fascism () Benito Mussolini () started his political life as a socialist and in , was appointed editor of Avanti, a leading socialist mtb15.com the Great War, Mussolini was expelled from the Socialist Party for advocating Italy’s entrance into battle.
Eighteen years later, Mussolini was dead, killed by Italian partisans near the end of World War II, his body dumped in the middle of a public square in Milan where Italians mutilated the corpse.
Benito Mussolini served as Italy’s 40th Prime Minister from until He is considered a central figure in the creation of fascism and was both an influence on .