Alternate history asks, "What if a historic event had turned out differently? In the Balance series blends alternate history with "first contact" by asking what would happen if aliens had invaded Earth during WWII. Apocalyptic, holocaust, and post-apocalyptic stories focus on the end of the world, or the world just after "the end. Such novels may also blend science fiction and romance, mystery, suspense, and even Westerns as in the Brisco County television series.
See Article History Alternative Titles: SF, sci-fi, speculative fiction Science fiction, abbreviation SF or sci-fi, a form of fiction that deals principally with the impact of actual or imagined science upon society or individuals.
These achievement awards are given to the top SF writers, editors, illustrators, films, and fanzines. Science fiction The world of science fiction Science fiction is a modern genre. Though writers in antiquity sometimes dealt with themes common to modern science fiction, their stories made no attempt at scientific and technological plausibility, the feature that distinguishes science fiction from earlier speculative writings and other contemporary speculative genres such as fantasy and horror.
The genre formally emerged in the West, where the social transformations wrought by the Industrial Revolution first led writers and intellectuals to extrapolate the future impact of technology. This approach was central to the work of H.
Wellsa founder of the genre and likely its greatest writer. Wells was an ardent student of the 19th-century British scientist T. This dark dystopian side can be seen especially in the work of T. The sense of dread was also cultivated by H. Lovecraftwho invented the famous Necronomicon, an imaginary book of knowledge so ferocious that any scientist who dares to read it succumbs to madness.
On a more personal level, the works of Philip K. Dick often adapted for film present metaphysical conundrums about identity, humanity, and the nature of reality.
When the genre began to gel in the early 20th century, it was generally disreputable, particularly in the United Stateswhere it first catered to a juvenile audience. Following World War IIscience fiction spread throughout the world from its epicentre in the United Statesspurred on by ever more staggering scientific feats, from the development of nuclear energy and atomic bombs to the advent of space travel, human visits to the Moon, and the real possibility of cloning human life.
By the 21st century, science fiction had become much more than a literary genre. Its avid followers and practitioners constituted a thriving worldwide subculture.
Fans relished the seemingly endless variety of SF-related products and pastimes, including booksmoviestelevision shows, computer games, magazinespaintings, comicsand, increasingly, collectible figurines, Web sites, DVDs, and toy weaponry.
They frequently held well-attended, well-organized conventions, at which costumes were worn, handicrafts sold, and folk songs sung.
The evolution of science fiction Antecedents Antecedents of science fiction can be found in the remote past. Among the earliest examples is the 2nd-century-ce Syrian-born Greek satirist Lucianwho in Trips to the Moon describes sailing to the Moon.Mundane science fiction is as much a movement as it is a genre, and recognises the huge impact that science fiction has on our society.
It aims to promote a more realistic view of our universe so as to avoid future disillusionment. Science fiction genre – while science fiction is a genre of fiction, a science fiction genre is a subgenre within science fiction.
Science fiction may be divided along any number of overlapping axes. Apocalyptic science fiction is a sub-genre of science fiction that is concerned with the end of civilization, through nuclear war, plague, or some other general disaster.
Post-apocalyptic science fiction is set in a world or civilization after such a disaster. Science fiction, abbreviation SF or sci-fi, a form of fiction that deals principally with the impact of actual or imagined science upon society or individuals. The term science fiction was popularized, if not invented, in the s by one of the genre’s principal advocates, the .
Science fiction, abbreviation SF or sci-fi, a form of fiction that deals principally with the impact of actual or imagined science upon society or individuals.
The term science fiction was popularized, if not invented, in the s by one of the genre’s principal advocates, the American publisher Hugo Gernsback.
Use the Science Fiction Genre Elements document as a list of the elements of science fiction to help you with this section. Use The Metamorphosis of Prime Intellect as the source in this section.
Use the analytical writing assignments that you have already written as a first draft for this section.