Blair Proper in-text citations within a research or term paper can make the difference between a passing and failing grade, as failure to provide proper in-text citations can lead to a charge of plagiarism.
APA Citation Guide APA Citation Guide When writing an academic paper or otherwise conducting research, you are required to provide proper credit whenever you include any outside sources whether it is a book, website, magazine article, film or academic journal.
The APA style is the most common method recommended within the social sciences.
While no online guide currently exists, a librarian at your library, school or academic institution may provide you with a copy or at least set you on the right track.
Free in-text citation generators are also easy to find online such as Easy Bib and kingcitation. Always include an in-text citation whenever your paper is summarizing, paraphrasing or directly quoting an outside source. Furthermore, the sources that you cite within the paper must also be included in the bibliography page.
Note that the guidelines for APA citation often differ from other styles, so it is important to ensure that your paper is consistent in following the proper rules.
APA Citation Example When using the APA in-text citation style, always use the last name of the author and the year the source was published, for instance: If your paper includes direct quotes, also include the page number, for instance: When using a website or e-book lacking page numbers, cite the paragraph numbers.
The following is an APA citation example passage, including both in-text citations and the references page: In order to reach these findings, Williams et al. The Myth of Catharsis. Journal of Psychology, 18 6 Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 20 3 Here are further examples of APA citation: Sources containing two authors: If you are citing the authors within the text of your work, write the last names of the authors followed by the year.
However, if the citation is in parenthesis, use an ampersand. Gerhardt et al, When the author is not known: If no authors are identified in the work, cite the source based on its title when used in the narrative or use a couple of words when cited in parenthesis.
APA Style has been adapted by some organizations to be used in Chinese papers. Certain elements such as punctuation and conjunctions need to be adjusted in order to appear logical in Chinese papers. This is an example of a Chinese adaption of APA Style by the University of Taipei Library. Get Your FixGrammarly scans your text for common and complex grammatical mistakes, Detect plagiarism · Write anywhere · Easily improve any text · Eliminate grammar errors. APA Citation Guide. When writing an academic paper or otherwise conducting research, you are required to provide proper credit whenever you include any outside sources whether it is a book, website, magazine article, film or academic journal.
Titles for books and reports should be italicized or underlined whereas titles for articles, chapters and web pages should be placed in quotation marks.APA Basic Citation Anatomy. APA citation style is used in nursing, social sciences, education, psychology.
A citation style which uses parentheses in text (author-date) instead of footnotes or endnotes, this format is popular in those disciplines where the date of the work, its currency, is significant to the reading of the text.
Research Paper Help Personal Communication Personal Communication includes: private letters, memos, some electronic communication (i.e.
email or messages from nonarchived discussion groups), personal interviews, telephone conversations, etc. For details on how to cite technical and research reports look under section in the APA Publication Manual, starting on page Basic reference list format for a print report.
Author Last Name, First Initial. APA Citation Guide. When writing an academic paper or otherwise conducting research, you are required to provide proper credit whenever you include any outside sources whether it is a book, website, magazine article, film or academic journal.
APA In-Text Citation Examples What is an in-text citation? An in-text citation is found in the body of a research paper. It tells your reader where you found any information or ideas that are not your own.
It is a shortened citation in parentheses and includes the author’s last name, publication year, and the page number (if quoting).
The citation information in the body of the paper itself is called the "in-text citation”. The most obvious time to use it in text is when you use a quote from a source directly or refer to it by title or author.